Volume 11, Issue 3 (12-2018)                   ijhe 2018, 11(3): 403-418 | Back to browse issues page

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Mahdavian S, Ostovar F, Mirbolooki H. Coagulants recovery from water treatment plant’s sludge: a review. ijhe. 2018; 11 (3) :403-418
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6120-en.html
1- Environmental Engineering Group, Environmental Research Institute, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Rasht, Iran , s.e.mahdavian@alumni.ut.ac.ir
2- Environmental Engineering Group, Environmental Research Institute, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (106 Views)
Background and Objective: Coagulation, which is carried out by mixing coagulants such as alum, ferric chloride and poly aluminum chloride PAC with raw water, is one of the main processes in conventional water treatment plants. Sludge from this process contains high amounts of coagulants with high economic value. Therefore, if these coagulants are recovered, in addition to reducing the risks relate to sludge disposal, the expenses related to the supply of fresh coagulant in water or wastewater treatment plant may decrease.
Materials and Methods: To access related documentation, ScienceDirect, Google scholar and other databases were searched using keywords such as “coagulant recovery”, “water residuals management”, etc. More than one hundred fifty documents were investigated based on the content validity and thematic relation. Gathered contents were classified and summarized under the titles of “recovery methods”, “repeated recoveries”, “recovery regarding economic aspect” and “advantages and disadvantages of methods”.
Results: Use of new methods such as combination of membrane and chemical processes or ion exchange membrane processes leads to the recovery of coagulants with a similar quality to the commercial ones. In case of using conventional and less costly methods such as acid digestion, quality of recovered coagulants is not comparable with those of commercial ones, which are used in water treatment.
Conclusion: Different coagulants recovery methods were investigated to determine the reuse strategies. It is likely that using of recovered coagulants through conventional methods is in accordance with the related regulations of the wastewater treatment plants. Industrial use of novel processes for recovery of coagulants with higher quality needs precise technical and economical investigations.
 
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Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: تصفیه آب
Received: 2018/08/18 | Accepted: 2018/12/8 | Published: 2018/12/19

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