Volume 11, Issue 1 (6-2018)                   ijhe 2018, 11(1): 15-24 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahmandfar R, Rashidaei Abandansari S, Maghsoudlou E, Asnaashari M. Determination of mycotoxin contamination in imported wheat to Mazandaran province by high performance liquid chromatography. ijhe. 2018; 11 (1) :15-24
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5968-en.html
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran , re1farahmand@gmail.com
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
3- Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (133 Views)
Background and Objective: Wheat is one of the most important cereals due to the supply of much of the flour used in bread making in most countries, such as Iran. Wheat contamination with mycotoxins is subject to different production and maintenance conditions. As a carcinogen and mutagen, monitoring the amount of mycotoxins in imported wheat and prevention of the entry of low quality wheat to the food chain are essential. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the contamination of the wheat imported to Mazandaran province.
Materials and Methods: Samples of the wheat imported from Caspian Sea countries were evaluated for moisture content and mycotoxins contamination (ochratoxin A, zearalenone and deoxynivalenol). Mycotoxins contamination was determined by HPLC method via purifying with immunoaffinity column for ochratoxin A and zearalenone, and DONSPE column for deoxynivalenol.
Results: The results of this study showed that the average of ochratoxin A, zearalenone, and deoxynivalenol in the samples were 2.24, 133.50 and 181.66 ng/g, respectively.
Conclusion: All the samples were within the acceptable level for mycotoxin according to the permissible limits of Iran National Standard. Additionally, a direct relation between deoxynivalenol and moisture content of the samples (-0.092) was not observed and the correlation between moisture content and ochratoxin A and zearalenone was 0.104 and 0.168, respectively.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/10/11 | Accepted: 2018/02/25 | Published: 2018/07/17

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