Volume 15, Issue 2 (8-2022)                   ijhe 2022, 15(2): 331-344 | Back to browse issues page

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Akbari Jonoush Z, Rezaee A, Ghaffarinejad A. Simultaneous removal of nitrate and microbial pollution from water by the electro-catalytic activity of iron and magnetic nanoparticles supported on nickel foam. ijhe 2022; 15 (2) :331-344
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6678-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , rezaee@modares.ac.ir
3- Electroanalytical Chemistry Research Center, Faculty of Chemistry, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (512 Views)
Background and Objective: This study aimed to provide an effective electro-catalytic system for the simultaneous reduction of nitrate and disinfection of contaminated water by the electro-catalytic performance of Ni-Fe/Fe3O4 cathode.
Materials and Methods: At first, the Ni-Fe electrode was synthesized by the electro-deposition process. Then its physical properties were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, and photoelectron X-ray spectroscopy (XPS). Simultaneous disinfection and reduction of nitrate were performed under the following conditions: 15 mg Fe3O4 nanoparticles, pH 6.5, NaCl 10 mM, 50 mg/L nitrate, 105 CFU/mL and current density 4 mA/cm2.
Results: According to the results obtained in the absence of nitrate, 100 % of Escherichia coli bacteria were disinfected after 12 minutes. In the presence of nitrate, the time of complete disinfection increased to 120 minutes. In the absence of bacteria, 83% of nitrate was removed in 240 minutes, and in the presence of bacteria, the nitrate reduction efficiency increased slightly to 88%. In the nitrate reduction process, nitrite (0.22 mg/L) and ammonium (3.6 mg/L) were produced. In the presence of bacteria, the amounts of nitrite and ammonium produced increased to 0.42 mg/L and 7.3 mg/L.
Conclusion: The results show the outstanding ability of Ni-Fe/Fe3O4 electrode in electro-catalytic reduction of nitrate and disinfection of contaminated water separately and simultaneously with high efficiency and high selectivity to nitrogen.
Full-Text [PDF 1846 kb]   (202 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: تصفیه آب
Received: 2022/06/22 | Accepted: 2022/08/30 | Published: 2022/09/28

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