Volume 13, Issue 2 (8-2020)                   ijhe 2020, 13(2): 335-348 | Back to browse issues page

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Taati A, Salehi M H, Mohammadi J, Mohajer R. Assessment of pollution level, non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk of heavy metals on human health in surface soils of Arak industrial areas, Iran. ijhe 2020; 13 (2) :335-348
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6388-en.html
1- Soil Science and Engineering Department, College of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran , taatyabbas@yahoo.com
2- Soil Science and Engineering Department, College of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
3- Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1461 Views)
Background and Objective: Heavy metal contamination of surface soils has become a serious concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential risk of heavy metal (loid) pollution on human health in the surface soils of Arak industrial areas, the capital of Markazi province in western Iran.
Materials and Methods: 235 surface soil samples were collected from a depth of 0-5 cm. Concentrations of lead, cadmium, nickel, zinc, copper and arsenic were determined by digestion with nitric acid (4 N). The level of soil pollution in the region was measured using geo- accumulation index (Igeo) and enrichment factor (EF). The model proposed by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) was used to assess the health risks of heavy metals.
Results: The Mean concentrations of Pb, Cd, As, Cu, Ni, and Zn were 37.88, 1.17, 151.78, 13.48, 92.98 and 104.04 mg/kg, respectively. The calculated enrichment factor values ​​for soil samples varied from deficiency to significant enrichment. The mean geo-accumulation index (Igeo) for Pb, Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn and arsenic were 0.37, 1.59, -2.53, -0.48, -0.63 and 2.9, respectively. The results of the health risk assessment showed that hazard quotient (HQ) for children and adults through the ingestion route was higher than dermal contact and inhalation pathway. The Hazard index values for all studied metals were lower than the safe level of 1 except for As. Arsenic showed the highest risk of carcinogenicity (CR) for children (2.37 x 10-4) through ingestion.
Conclusion: The carcinogenic risk (CR) of As in children and adults is higher than the safe limit of 1 × 10-4, which indicates an unacceptable risk.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/20 | Accepted: 2020/08/18 | Published: 2021/01/18

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