Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2019)                   ijhe 2019, 11(4): 563-574 | Back to browse issues page

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Bateni F, Mehdinia A, Seyed Hashtroudi M. Ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Persian Gulf surface sediments, Bushehr. ijhe. 2019; 11 (4) :563-574
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6154-en.html
1- Department of Marine Living Science, Marine Science Research Center, Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Tehran, Iran , fa_bateni@yahoo.com
2- Department of Marine Living Science, Marine Science Research Center, Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1848 Views)
Background and Objective: This study conducted to assess ecological risk of an important group of pollutants called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in offshore sediment of the Persian Gulf deposits in Bushehr province. The aim of this study was to model the toxicity of PAHs for aquatic organisms in the study area.
Materials and Methods: In the first step of the applied risk assessment model in this study, the unit of toxicity for each PAH and solubility were calculated by Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR) model. In the second step, the pore water concentration of all compounds in sediment was calculated as an available fraction. Finally, the proposed model was used to evaluate the offshore sediments of the Persian Gulf. Sediments in 19 stations and 7 transects were studied to assess the ecological risk of 21 PAHs. The extraction and clean up method was based on pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) with packed clean up cell. Compounds were analyzed by GC-MS.
Results: The toxicity and solubility of PAHs were modeled. The Pearson correlation for the predicted and measured data was more than 0.93. The amount of total toxicity was introduced as a risk index. The maximum and minimum total toxicity values for the sediments were found as 0.018 and 0.147, respectively. The results from this study indicated that although the concentration of PAHs in the sediments may not cause significant concern in the study area, they may affect benthic organism at the sub-lethal levels. According to the applied risk assessment model for 21 unsubstituted PAHs, the offshore sediments of Bushehr are in low-risk range.
Conclusion: The result of this study indicated a low risk of the sediments. The hazard index decreased as the distance from coastal and oil and gas industry increased, indicating the high impact of anthropogenic activities on the contamination of the study area.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/10/21 | Accepted: 2019/01/27 | Published: 2019/03/12

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