Volume 8, Issue 4 (3-2016)                   ijhe 2016, 8(4): 509-524 | Back to browse issues page

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1- PhD Candidate, Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Professor, Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , fgolbabaei@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5409 Views)

Background and Objectives: The goal of the present study was to develop nanofibrous media filters containing MgO nanoparticles for future application in removing particles from gas stream.

Materials and Methods: Electrospun nanofibers were fabricated using experimental design prepared by Response Surface Methodology. Optimization of electrospinning parameters was conducted for achieving the desired filter properties including fiber diameter, porosity, and bead number. After taking SEM images, the determination of fiber diameter and number of beads were performed through Image Analysis and the calculation of porosity percent was performed by MATLAB. A filter media was produced based on the optimized conditions of electrospinning and it was certified by the HEPA filter performance test.

Results: In terms of morphological quality of fibers including fiber uniformity, absence of branching and lower numbers of beads, experiment standard No. 2 (STD 2: concentration 16 wt%, voltage 10 kV, and distance 15 cm) had the best combination. Maximum fiber diameter was also observed in STD 2. Among the electrospinning, the highest correlation coefficient was observed between solution concentration and response variables and the relationship between concentration and both fiber diameter and porosity percent was statistically significant (p <0.05 and p <0.01, respectively). A weak positive correlation was found between fiber diameter and porosity percent (r=0.29, p>0.05) and a weak negative relationship was seen between fiber diameter and bead number (r=-0.2, p>0.05).

Conclusion: Solution concentration was found as the most affecting factor on the filter properties, so that the higher concentration leaded to the lower bead number and greater fiber diameter. Increase in fiber diameter resulted in larger pore size and higher porosity. Quadratic models were known for understudy variables. Efficiency of the optimized filter was comparable with the HEPA filter and it had the lower pressure drop.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Air
Received: 2015/07/29 | Accepted: 2016/03/2 | Published: 2016/03/2