Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2019)                   ijhe 2019, 11(4): 599-612 | Back to browse issues page

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Ansari M, Fahiminia M, Farzadkia M. Needs assessment and prioritization of establishment of rural wastewater management facilities in order to supply a safe and alternative water source in the provinces of Iran with severe water stress. ijhe. 2019; 11 (4) :599-612
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6156-en.html
1- Environmental Sciences and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran AND Student Research Committee, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3- Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mahdifarzadkia@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1378 Views)
Background and Objective: Rural wastewater management is recognized as one of the pillars of sustainable development. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess needs and prioritization of establishment of rural wastewater management facilities in order to supply a safe and alternative water source in the provinces of Iran experiencing severe water stress.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study which was carried out in rural areas of the provinces with severe water stress (South Khorasan, Khorasan Razavi, Fars, Isfahan, Yazd, Semnan, Qom, Sistan and Baluchistan) in 2017-2018. In this study, the number of sample rural areas was calculated by Cochran method and the determination of the sample rural area was done by stratified sampling. The data related to the sample rural area was collected using a validated constructor questionnaire.
Results: The results of this study showed that the difference among all the studied provinces in terms of their priority in establishing rural waste water management facilities to provide a safe and alternative water source was very low. The provinces of Isfahan, Semnan and Fars were rated at 76 out of 100, while the provinces of South Khorasan and Sistan and Baluchestan scored 71 points.
Conclusion: With emphasis on comprehensive decision making criteria based on sustainable development, the results of this study showed that the provinces with severe water stress have a high priority regarding the establishment of rural sewage management projects in order to provide a safe and alternative water sources.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: wastewater
Received: 2018/10/25 | Accepted: 2019/02/18 | Published: 2019/03/12

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