Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2019)                   ijhe 2019, 11(4): 487-504 | Back to browse issues page

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Mortazavi S, Hatami-Manesh M, Joudaki F. Evaluation of toxicity and ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in surface sediments of Sezar River, Lorestan Province. ijhe. 2019; 11 (4) :487-504
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6138-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environments, Malayer University, Hamedan, Iran , mortazavi.s@gmail.com
2- Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environments, Malayer University, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (1538 Views)
Background and Objective: Considering the toxicity, health and ecological hazards of heavy metals in the environment and the impact on organisms, it looks essential to measure and evaluate their concentrations at the various levels in indigineous ecological strctures. The present study evaluated the concentration of Lead, Nickel, Copper and Zinc and their ecological risk assessment in surface sediments of Sezar River in Lorestan province.
Materials and Methods: 16 stations along the Sezar River were selected for sampling. After preparation and acid digestion of the samples, the concentrations of these metals were determined by Atomic absorbtion.
Results: The average total concentration of the detected metals Ni, Zn, Cu and Pb in the sediment was 71.84 > 40.56> 7.75 > 5.61 mg/kg, respectively. In addition, the evaluation of the Potential acute toxicity, ecological risk, and Pollution Load Index represented a low pollution in the sediments. The environmental risk of the metals in the sediment was evaluated as: Ni> Pb> Cu> Zn. The findings showed that among metals, the contamination factor and modified hazard quotient (mHQ) for nickel was moderate and in the mediun to severe pollution level to the contamination, respectively.
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that Potential acute toxicity, pollution and ecological risk in the region for investigated metals were low. However, a rapid expansion of various human activities in the area and the pollution of nickel in the river along with the probability of its biological effects require continuous monitoring of the river in order to assess the health risk and its ecological risk.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/18 | Accepted: 2018/12/31 | Published: 2019/03/12

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