Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2018)                   ijhe 2018, 10(4): 573-594 | Back to browse issues page

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Mesdaghinia A, Nasseri S, Hadi M, Iravani E, Askari M. A systematic review on drinking water resources-related studies in Iran: identification of research gaps. ijhe. 2018; 10 (4) :573-594
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6016-en.html
1- Center for Water Quality Research (CWQR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor Center for Water Quality Research (CWQR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Center for Water Quality Research (CWQR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m.hadi1981@gmail.com
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (676 Views)
Background and Objective: Supply of safe drinking water to each community is one of the most important challenges in improving the general community’s health. Considering the importance of the research on water quality, identification of water quality research gaps was performed by reviewing the relevant studies through a systematic review for Iran. 
Materials and Methods: In this study 638, 166, 300 and 1000 relevant articles were found on Scopus, SID, Magiran and Iranmedex databases, respectively. Out of 2104 articles, 1394 articles were excluded from the study. Finally, 710 articles were further reviewed.
Results: Monitoring of pollutants by a descriptive study was the main objective of the most studies   (36.62%). Around 13% of the studies were performed on a laboratory scale. Organic pollutants in Iran have been concerned only in 17 provinces, and other provinces have not participated in this regard. Nitrate is studied in around one fifth of the total studies. Heavy metals were also considered as a parameter of concern in the studies carried out on monitoring drinking water resource quality.
Conclusion: This study reflects the research gaps and provides a basis for prioritizing water quality research in Iran. More actions and sound planning should be taken to monitor organic and inorganic pollutants. Chemical and microbial risk assessment, tracing the fate of pollutants and assessment of their ecological effects, investigations on advanced water purification processes, the use of bioremediation methods, identification of biological contaminant using biomarkers and molecular identification techniques are the most important research priorities that require more investigations.
 
 
Full-Text [PDF 1839 kb]   (219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: WATER
Received: 2018/01/10 | Accepted: 2018/02/12 | Published: 2018/03/7

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