Volume 11, Issue 1 (6-2018)                   ijhe 2018, 11(1): 137-148 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavakoli A. Evaluation of particulate matter (PM) and noise levels in underground terminals-Majlesi terminal of Isfahan. ijhe. 2018; 11 (1) :137-148
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5946-en.html
Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran , atavakolio@znu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (367 Views)
Background and Objective: Air pollutants and noise level are areas of concern for public health, especially in metropolitan areas. In tunnels, underground stations and indoors with insufficient ventilation rate and noise reflection, accumulation of pollutants and noise pollution are serious problems.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted to evaluate the level of PM and noise level in the Majlesi terminal, located close to Imam Ali Square in Isfahan. Sampling was done in two phases, spring and summer. Samples were taken during six working days, twice a day, morning and afternoon and at traffic peaks. The effect of launching a BRT system was also evaluated. The SKC sampling pump and sound level meter of KIMO were used for the evaluation of particulate matter and noise.
Results: The results showed that the launch of a BRT system led to a change in PM concentration from 85.17 μg/m3 to 53.58 (37% reduction), however, the average value of summer noise level (78.34 dB) was higher than the average value of spring (76.23 dB). Both PM and noise levels were higher than the values of international standards of EPA and WHO guidelines. The level of PM and noise level was a function of traffic and varied during weekdays. On Thursdays and after medieval holidays, the highest level was observed. The pollution and noise levels were higher during afternoon than the morning peak hours due to the traffic and accumulation of contaminants.
Conclusion: The research revealed that indoor and underground environments are not suitable options as a parking lot or bus terminals, due to a need for mechanical ventilation, lack of adequate air circulation and sound reflection.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Air
Received: 2017/09/11 | Accepted: 2018/04/7 | Published: 2018/07/17

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