Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2018)                   ijhe 2018, 10(4): 457-470 | Back to browse issues page

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Fahiminia M, Jafri Mansoorian H, Shaikh Bigloo R, Bahari S, Eskandari A. Analysis of pollution of jobs: a case study in city of Qom in 2016 year . ijhe. 2018; 10 (4) :457-470
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5883-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2- Young Researchers and Elite Club, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran
3- Department of Geography, Faculty of Economics, Management and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran , scandari12@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (745 Views)
Background and Objective: Today, workshop industries play an important role in urban development by creating effective employment in urban areas. It has been stated that these small industries can cause environmental pollution. The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze the contaminations caused by the workshops in Qom in 2016.
Materials and Methods: The present study was descriptive-analytic-cross sectional. First, all of the city's businesses were listed in 67 relevant :::::::union:::::::s. After identifying the polluting businesses, a total of 223 classes of all :::::::union:::::::s were randomly screened. Sewage, solid waste, air, sound, soil and landscape pollution were investigated. According to 15 specialists and using Expert Selection software, each pollution type and rating of each class were weighed and determined.
Results: The results showed that the wastewater, solid waste, air, noise, and landscape pollution with a score of 0.399, 0.259, 0.169, 0.097, and 0.027, respectively, are important.  Accordingly, in terms of the total contamination of the studied occupational units, authorized dealers of car sales, carwash, guest house, carpet cleaning, bath, brick plants, chalk plants, gemstones, chelokbaby, mosaic making, lathes and blacksmans, iron doors and window making, general blinds and shuttering, ceramic making, wood processing industry, mechanical, polishing with a total score of 1, 0.889, 0.881, 0.872, 0.709, 0.644, 0.644, 0.641, 0.62, 0.609, 0.582, 0.569, 0.552, 0.546, 0.518, 0.499, and 0.499 had unfavorable status, respectively.
Conclusion: In order to reduce the environmental pollution caused by these businesses, continuous monitoring and inspections should be carried out in the short term. Moreover, the polluting industries should be relocated out of the city in the long term.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/5 | Accepted: 2017/11/11 | Published: 2018/03/7

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