Volume 10, Issue 2 (9-2017)                   ijhe 2017, 10(2): 249-258 | Back to browse issues page


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Akhlaghian F, Azadi H. Removal of Rhodamine B from aqueous solution using photocatalyst of nanowire of zinc oxide doped with lanthanum. ijhe. 2017; 10 (2) :249-258
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5870-en.html

1- Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Sananadaj, Iran , akhlaghianfk@gmail.com
2- Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Sananadaj, Iran
Abstract:   (596 Views)
Background and Objective: All around the worlds, wastewater containing dye pollutants are considered serious problem. Rhodamine B dye which is used in textile, leather, drug, and cosmetic industries exert carcinogenic and strong toxic effects. The aim of this research was to remove of Rhodamine B dye by nanowires of zinc oxide doped with lanthanum.
Materials and Methods: In this work, nanowire of zinc oxide doped with lanthanum was synthesized by hydrothermal method. The obtained photocatalyst was characterized by XRF, XRD, and SEM method. Effects of batch process variables such as pH, initial concentration of Rhodamine B, and photocatalyst dose were investigated. The kinetics of the reaction was also studied.
Results: The SEM images showed a hexagonal structure of ZnO, and La/ZnO nanowires. XRD results also confirmed the formation of ZnO with wurtzite hexagonal structure in both samples (ZnO and La/ZnO). The kinetics studies showed that the reaction was a pseudo first order. The apparent constants of ZnO and 2%La/ZnO nanowires were 0.0045 min-1 and 0.0074 min-1; respectively. In a batch experiment, the degradation yield of 99.8% was obtained at operating conditions of 1.25 g/L of 2% La/ZnO photocatalyst, initial concentration of Rhodamine B solution 4.78 mg/L, and pH=9 under ultra violet irradiation for 4 h.
Conclusion: The nanowire of La/ZnO with an optimum load of lanthanum has a better photocatalytic activity than nanowire of ZnO for degradation of Rhodamine B in aqueous solution.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: تصفیه آب
Received: 2017/04/10 | Accepted: 2017/09/11 | Published: 2017/09/20

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