Volume 10, Number 1 (6-2017)                   ijhe 2017, 10(1): 1-14 | Back to browse issues page


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Seid-Mohammadi A, Rahmani A, Asgari G, Bajalan S, Shabanloo A. Comparison performance of raw and cationic surfactant modified nanoclay in removal of 4-chlorophenol from aqueous solutions. ijhe. 2017; 10 (1) :1-14
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5797-en.html

1- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , shabanlo_a@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1349 Views)

Background and Objective: Main sources of 4-chlorophenol wastewater are petroleum industry, coal, paper and resin production. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of raw and cationic surfactant modified nanoclay in removal of 4-chlorophenol from aqueous solutions.
Materials and Methods: The influence of contact time, initial pH of solution, adsorbent dosage and 4-chlorophenol concentration as effective parameters in adsorption process and the influence of modification solution pH and surfactant loading rates were investigated. The modified nanoclay was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. Finally, the isotherm and adsorption kinetics were investigated.
Results: The removal efficiency of 4-chlorophenol was increased by increasing the initial pH from 3 to 11, so that after of 120 min, the absorption efficiency at an initial 4-chlorophenol concentration of 100 mg/L and 0.25 g adsorbate was 26 and 95.5 % at pH 3 and 11, respectively. Under the same conditions the removal efficiency for the raw nanoclay was 2 and 9% at pH 3 and 11, respectively. The FTIR and XRD analyses revealed that the nanoclay structural changed from hydrophilic to hydrophobic and the interlayer spacing was increased. The adsorption of 4-chlorophenol on raw and modified nanoclay was consistent with Langmuir and pseudo-second-order kinetics. The maximum absorption capacity of raw and modified nanoclay was 0.5 and 25.77 mg/g, respectively
Conclusion: The modification of nanoclay with cationic surfactant increased the adsorption efficiency of 4-chlorophenol.

Full-Text [PDF 1732 kb]   (339 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: wastewater
Received: 2016/11/6 | Accepted: 2017/04/4 | Published: 2017/06/21

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