Volume 10, Number 1 (6-2017)                   ijhe 2017, 10(1): 63-74 | Back to browse issues page


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Heydari M, Nabizadeh Nodehi R, Ali Mohammadi M, Yaghmaeian K. Survey of geochemical characteristics of bottled waters in Iran using coordinates and ionic ratios. ijhe. 2017; 10 (1) :63-74
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5744-en.html

1- Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , rnabizadeh@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (966 Views)

Background and Objective: Bottled water consumption is rapidly increasing in recent years for various reasons.The main aim of this study was to survey the geological origin of Iranian bottled water and determine compliance or lack of compliance with the experimental data obtained through sampling 71 brands of drinking bottled water and mineral water.

Materials and Methods: In this study the coordinates of access points as a georef of the chosen points were launched on the "Iran geological map" and "Iran mineral and warm water map." The compliance of laboratory data and water types with the geological data were evaluated and compared with the important ionic ratios of the extracted water through using awh software.

Results: In examining 71 brands of the bottled water, 28% of the brands did not agree with the laboratory results, reflected by observing higher levels of bicarbonate in 50% of the bottled waters than those of the geological data.. Additionally, 70% of water types were calcic bicarbonate. In the bottled waters from North Alborz range with coastal Time deposits around the Caspian Sea, there was a source of brine or sea water that was about 55% of this amount.

Conclusion: Water pass through different geological structures and the dissolution phenomenon might be an important factor for the observed disagreement. Because chemical treatment and use of additives on mineral waters are not allowed it prompts further studies to determine the cause and origin of this issue through sampling from the factory and water source.

Full-Text [PDF 1993 kb]   (189 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: WATER
Received: 2016/07/4 | Accepted: 2017/05/28 | Published: 2017/06/21

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