Volume 9, Number 4 (3-2017) | ijhe 2017, 9(4): 545-558 | Back to browse issues page


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Abdollahzadeh G, Sharif Sharifzadeh M, Qadami Amraei Z. Assessing Awareness of Rice Farmers of Sari County about Impacts of Usage of Pesticides and its Health Risk in Cropping Year 2015. ijhe. 2017; 9 (4) :545-558
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5715-en.html

1- Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Management, Gorgan University Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran , abdollahzade1@gmail.com
2- Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Management, Gorgan University Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (654 Views)

Background and Objective: Chemical pesticides are considered a vital component of farming and play a substantial role in maintaining high agricultural productivity. Concerns regarding the health and environmental effects of the pesticides have been increased in recent years. Therefore, this research aimed to assess farmers’ awareness about the positive and negative impacts of pesticides and their health risk on human.

Materials and Methods: A survey study was carried out between two groups of farmers including chemical pesticide users (n= 126) and biological pesticide users (n = 98). The users were randomly selected from 20 villages. The studied villages were selected from two sub-districts by cluster sampling method. An expert-verified questionnaire that its design and contents were assessed by local professionals was used in this research. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed based on the calculated Cronbach Alpha Coefficient for two constructs of awareness: positive (0.75) and negative (0.83) impacts of pesticides.

Results: Results indicated that the farmers using biological control were well aware of the harmful impacts of pesticide and hence they used less pesticides than the chemical pesticide users. Although the two groups of the farmers highlighted the health impacts of chemical pesticides such as human and animal health threat, and pollution of surface and underground water, the users of biological control methods had more concerns in this regards. Most of the respondents stated that the pesticides caused serious health problems such as exhaustion, sweating, cough and headache, dizziness, skin inflammation and irritation, nausea and vomiting.

Conclusion: Even though the farmers were well aware of the impacts of pesticides use, they have less often used personal protective equipment. In order to promote farmers’ awareness of pesticide impacts, more efforts are needed to strengthen training programs and facilitate access to extension services.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/05/18 | Accepted: 2016/11/27 | Published: 2017/03/5

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