Volume 9, Number 2 (9-2016)                   ijhe 2016, 9(2): 147-154 | Back to browse issues page


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Dehghani M, Akbarpour B, Salari M, Poursheykhani A, Rasoulzadeh H. Assessment of Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in Raw and Pasteurized Milks of Sari City in the Summer of 2014. ijhe. 2016; 9 (2) :147-154
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5619-en.html

1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Exeptional Talents, Development Center (ETDC)
3- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Exeptional Talents, Development Center (ETDC) , hasanrseng@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3270 Views)

Background and Objectives: Milk is a full meal that can provide an appropriate growing environment for different bacteria. Hence, it can be hazardous to human health in unpasteurized conditions. The present study was conducted in order to assess the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in raw and pasteurized milks of Sari City in the summer of 2014.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the summer of 2014 in the city of Sari. Totally, 160 samples- each 200 mL of raw milk were collected from collection and distribution centers (80 samples) of raw milk, and pasteurized milk from food stores (80 samples). Under aseptic conditions, confirmatory tests were carried out in Chapman and Blood agar media. Antibiogram test was performed for positive samples. Results were analyzed using SPSS (Ver. 19) software through the t-test descriptive statistical analysis.

Results: The results showed that 38.75% of 80 samples of raw milk collected were contaminated by Staphylococcus aureus, while no contamination was observed in pasteurized milk samples. The average number of colony formation of raw milk was estimated to be within 3×104 to 7×104 Cfu/mL. Maximum sensitivity was found against vancomycin, gentamicin, and Co-trimoxazole antibiotics and the maximum resistance was observed  against ampicillin, methicillin and cephalotin antibiotics with of 87.5, 25, and 12.5%, respectively.

Conclusion: The raw milk showed the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, compliance with and control of sanitation at different steps of preparation, supplying and consumption of milk can prevent the human infection with this type of contamination.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/12/21 | Accepted: 2016/05/23 | Published: 2016/09/18

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