Volume 9, Number 3 (12-2016)                   ijhe 2016, 9(3): 319-330 | Back to browse issues page


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Gholampour A, Hassanvand M, Nabizadeh R, Alizadeh Z, Mahvi A. Ionic Content and Sources Identification of Particulate Matter in the Ambient Air of Tabriz During 2013 to 2014. ijhe. 2016; 9 (3) :319-330
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5601-en.html

1- Department of Environmental Engineering School of Public Health. Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
2- Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5- Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , ahmahvi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1317 Views)

Background and Objective: The present study was carried out to determine the amount and ionic characterization of TSP and PM10 aimed at identifying  the potential emission sources of particulates in the ambient air of Tabriz.

Materials and Methods: TSP and PM10 samples were collected by two high volume samplers during September 2013 to August 2014. Water-soluble ions in particulate matter were extracted using ultrasonic method and were identified by ion chromatography. Using Stata12 software, linear regression analysis was performed between the ions to determination of the major ionic component of the particulates. In addition, in order to identify the potential emission sources of PM10, the rotation varimax model was used.

Results: Total measured water-soluble ions in TSP and PM10 of the urban sampling site were 20.33±20.77 and 16.04±14.08 µg/m3, respectively. Among all detected ions, sulfate (8.69±5.79 µg/m3) and nitrate (8.47±7.9 µg/m3) were the dominant constituents followed by calcium and sodium.

Conclusion: The modeling results revealed that the soils of surrounding ground together with secondary PM and also resuspension of PM from polluted soil account for 80 percent of PM10 mass.

Full-Text [PDF 1459 kb]   (609 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Air
Received: 2015/11/17 | Accepted: 2016/07/17 | Published: 2016/12/20

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