Volume 8, Number 4 (3-2016)                   ijhe 2016, 8(4): 447-458 | Back to browse issues page

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Ashrafi K, Shafie Pour Motlagh M, Mousavi M, Niksokhan M, Vosoughifar H. Determining the Contribution of Gas Emissions from Cars and Estimating the Distribution of CO Emissions in Enclosed Parking. ijhe. 2016; 8 (4) :447-458
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5471-en.html

1- Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , khashrafi@ut.ac.ir
2- Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3- Ph.D Student of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University- South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2442 Views)

Background and Objectives: In this study, contribution of exhaust emission and CO distribution was estimated in enclosed residential complex parking.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive - analytical study consisted of two stages. In the first stage, the emission contribution of vehicles was determined. In order to determine the contribution of exhaust gas emissions, through gas species, only four species CO, O2, CO2, and N2 were measured. Concentration of CO, O2, and CO2 was estimated using data obtained from the vehicle emissions monitoring system. The amount of N2 was estimated from sum ratio of all species, which equals to 1. Then, using computational methods, the amount of the emission contribution from vehicles. In the second phase, to measure the distribution of CO pollutant, gas sampling and collecting was performed using sampling bags made of inert materials with a volume of 10 l at six points. Sampling was conducted in accordance with the requirements of OSHA ID 210. The Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS Ver.16 software and Pearson statistical test (P > 0.05 means there was no significant difference).

Results: Maximum contribution was estimated for Pride with amount of 44.4 g/s and minimum contribution was estimated for Tiba with amount of 0.3 g/s. The minimum and maximum distribution value of CO concentration was achieved 3.6 and 69.48 ppm respectively. It was found that no significant relationship was observed between the values of exhaust emissions and CO distribution. However, the distribution of concentration was associated with locations and the number of openings, the number and type of vehicle, time of operation of the vehicle, the vehicle performance, and environmental factors.

Conclusion: Measuring vehicles CO emission indicated  that the concentration was beyond the permissible level recommended by the World Health Organization at some. Moreover, it was indicated that natural air conditioning is an effective alternative for improving the air quality in built environments and suitable quality in built environments is achievable through reasonable architectural design, without need to spend too much expense.

Full-Text [PDF 1632 kb]   (1946 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Air
Received: 2015/05/25 | Accepted: 2016/03/2 | Published: 2016/03/2

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