Volume 7, Number 2 (10-2014)                   ijhe 2014, 7(2): 123-132 | Back to browse issues page


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Shokoohi R, Azizi S, Ghiasian S A, Fredmal J. Efficiency of the fungus Aspergillus niger biomass in Pentachlorophenol (PCP) absorption from aqueous solutions. ijhe. 2014; 7 (2) :123-132
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5332-en.html

1- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan , Iran , Salah.Azizi9@yahoo.com
3- Department of Mycology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Department of Statistics, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (3293 Views)

Background and Objectives: Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is an organic compound and phenolic derivatives categorized as priority pollutants that have harmful effects on humans, animals, and plants in low concentrations. Therefore, PCP removal from water and wastewater is very important. The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of A. niger fungus biomass in PCP absorption. Materials and Methods: This was an experimental study in which different steps of the experiments were performed. A. niger strain was prepared from Persian Type Culture Collection of Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST). After activation in potato dextrose agar (PDA) culture plates, fungi were incubated for 7 to 10 days at 25 °C. The prepared A. niger biomass was modified by NaOH and then it was used for PCP absorption assay. The concentration of PCP was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: The findings of present study showed that contact time is an important and effective factor in the PCP absorption rate. Two hours was selected as the optimum retention time in this experiment and after that the removal percentage did not raise significantly. The results of PCP absorption in different pH demonstrated that the adsorption efficiency decreases by rising pH and initial PCP concentration. The effects of contact time, pH and initial PCP concentration on the absorption process was significant (P-value <0.001). Conclusion: The results show that absorption efficiency increases by rising retention time under constant conditions. In addition, at low pH the modified A. niger biomass could be a good absorber for PCP.

Full-Text [PDF 957 kb]   (1661 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2014/10/21 | Accepted: 2014/10/21 | Published: 2014/10/21

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