Volume 6, Number 2 (9-2013)                   ijhe 2013, 6(2): 133-144 | Back to browse issues page


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Leili M, Moussavi G, Nadafi K, Khosravi R. The Investigation and Comparison of Furfural Removal from Wastewater using Cyclic Biological Reactor (CBR) and Fusarium Culmorum Granules. ijhe. 2013; 6 (2) :133-144
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5139-en.html

1- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , moussavi@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Korasan University, Khorasan, Iran
Abstract:   (13078 Views)
Background and Objectives: Furfural with a chemical formula of C5H4O2 is a toxic and hazardous substance for human and environment. Furfural and its derivatives such as furfuryl alcohol, alone or in combination with phenol, acetone or urea are used mainly in the production of resin. The second major application of furfural is in the production of solvents such furan and tetrafuran frequently used as a selective solvent in the production, treatment, and refining lubricants from petroleum products. A few studies have recently been done in terms of removal or recovery of furfural. Due to advantages of biological methods, the uses of theses environmentally friendly methods are being investigated in this study.
Materials and Methods
: We used cyclic biological reactor (CBR) and Fusarium culmorum granules to biologically degrade different concentration of furfural and equivalent of COD under different operating conditions. The analysis was based on the measurement of furfural degradation efficiency during operational period using spectrophotometer and measuring influent and effluent COD variations using a closed reflux method.
Results
: cyclic biological reactor was operated in various flow rate (Q) of furfural-containing wastewater for a different period. For all of the flow rate used, furfural degradation and COD removal efficiency was over 99 and 90 percent respectively. Fusarium culmorum granules were also exposed to different concentrations of furfural at different incubation temperatures showing high furfural removal capacity. Conclusion: Under different operating conditions of biological systems, high removal efficiency of furfural was observed, but CBR in comparison with Fusarium culmorum granules reached the optimum and desired removal efficiency in shorter time. Therefore, these systems can be developed and replaced with chemical methods to treat furfural containing wastewater.
Full-Text [PDF 887 kb]   (1785 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/05/26 | Accepted: 2012/08/25 | Published: 2013/12/28

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