Volume 3, Number 4 (8 2011)                   ijhe 2011, 3(4): 461-474 | Back to browse issues page


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Rahmani A, Solaimany Aminabad M, Asgari G, Barjasteh Askari F. Removal of Nitrate by MgCl2-Modified Pumice and Zero -Valent Magnesium from Aqueous Solutions. ijhe. 2011; 3 (4) :461-474
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-103-en.html

Abstract:   (11063 Views)

Backgrounds and Objectives: High level of nitrate ion in the water resources cause some health and environmental problems. The aim of this research is to study nitrate removal by Zero-Valent Magnesium (ZVM) and MgCl2-modified pumice from aqueous solutions.
Materials and Methods: The pumice granules were modified by MgCl2 . The removal of nitrate was studied in a batch system. The pH, initial nitrate concentration and sorbent mass parameters and the Langmuir and Freundlich models were studied in the sorption of nitrate onto the pumice. The ZVM was also used in a bach system and the previous parameters were studied.
Results: The removal efficiencies of nitrate by ZVM at the the initial pH of 3, 5 and 7 with controlling the pH were 70%, 40% and 30% ,respectively. These values are much higher than the values of the condition during which the pH was not controled. The nitrate removal efficiency increased by increasing of initial nitrate concentration in a constant molar ratio of Mgo/NO3. The removal efficiencies of nitrate by the modified pumice at the the initial pH of 3, 6.5 and 10 (when pH kept under control) were 49%, 29% and 16%, respectively. By increasing of the initial nitrate concentration the removal efficiency increased. The values of R2 for the Langmuir and Freundlich models were 0.944 and 0.810, respectively. The sorption process Fitted well the Langmuir model with a monolayer sorption capacity of 0.68 mg/g.
Conclusion: The modified pumice had lower efficiency than ZVM in the removal of nitrate ion and its usage is not considerably affected bye the pH in comparison with ZVM. The pH of the solution should be cansiderd as a main controling parameter to get an optimum efficiency in the nitrate-ZVM process.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/09/26 | Accepted: 2010/12/18 | Published: 2010/12/18

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