Volume 9, Number 4 (3-2017)                   ijhe 2017, 9(4): 471-480 | Back to browse issues page


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Khodamoradi F, Fotouhi A, Yunesian M, Emamian M, Amini H, Shamsipour M. Environmental Inequalities Assessment in Exposure to Urban Air Pollution in 22 Districts of Tehran City in 2012. ijhe. 2017; 9 (4) :471-480
URL: http://ijhe.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5718-en.html

1- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistic, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Research Methodology and Data Analysis, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Epidemiology Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
4- Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, AND Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- Department of Research Methodology and Data Analysis, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , shamsipour@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2160 Views)

Background and Objective: The aim of present study was to assess environmental inequality in long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution in 22 districts of Tehran in 2012.

Materials and Methods: The present study is an ecological study and concentration index was used for assessment of inequality. In this study the amounts of pollutant concentrations (PM10, NO2, SO2) obtained were based on land use regression (LUR) for exposure assessment. Variables that their effects have been studied on the distribution of exposure to pollutants included: education level, employment status and car ownership, which were obtained from census demographic and Tehran Municipality's dataset.

Results: The concentration index for PM10 in the case of illiteracy, people with higher education and private car owners was 0.059 (0.004-0.113), -0.056 (-0.001- -0.110) and -0.079 (-0.031- -0.127), respectively. These relationships were statistically significant. Concentration index for PM10 was 0.016 for the workers population, which was not statistically significant. For NO2 and SO2, no inequality was found in illiterate people, people with higher education, employees and car owners.

Conclusion: This study showed that there was significant inequality in terms of exposure to PM10 between different regions of Tehran in the illiterate, people with higher education and car owners. Considering these subgroups of population can be helpful in policy-making process.

Full-Text [PDF 1655 kb]   (878 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Air
Received: 2016/05/25 | Accepted: 2016/12/28 | Published: 2017/03/6

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